Florida has one endemic species, the Florida Scrub-Jay. In the past, the endemic Cape Sable (Seaside) Sparrow was considered a full species.
Many birds with a primarily neotropical distribution are found in Florida. Information concerning many of these birds can be found on our Florida Specialty page. Some of these primarily neotropical birds, such as Anhinga, are so common that we don't list information on the specialty page.
Some of the breeding birds, including Antillean Nighthawk, Gray Kingbird, and Black-whiskered Vireo, are not present in the winter.
Other specialties are introduced birds such as the Monk Parakeet, Red-whiskered Bulbul, and Spot-breasted Oriole.
Many rare bird species show up repeatedly in south Florida, often from the West Indians. There are no places to go to see these. If any have been sighted lately, they will be mentioned on the Miami Bird Board. Some of the interesting rarities seen in south and central Florida since 1990 include: Masked Duck, White-tailed Tropicbird, Red-billed Tropicbird, Red-footed Booby, Black Noddy, Zenaida Dove, White-tipped Dove, Key West Quail-Dove, Cuban Pewee, La Sagra's Flycatcher, Fork-tailed Flycatcher, Thick-billed Vireo, Mangrove Swallow, Bahama Mockingbird, Western Spindalis, Bananaquit, Yellow-faced Grassquit, Black-faced Grassquit. Additionally, we have been visited by White-cheeked Pintail, Cuban Grassquit, and Red-legged Honeycreepers of uncertain origin.
In the winter, we get 20-25 species of wintering warbler and are often visited by a number of western species. Regular winter visitors from the west include Lesser Nighthawk, Swainson's Hawk, Rufous Hummingbird, Vermilion Flycatcher, Brown-crested Flycatcher, Western Kingbird, Scissor-tailed Flycatcher, and Western Tanager. Other western birds visit more rarely.